Cord Blood Banking

Birth Of A New Born Baby

During the birth of a new born baby, blood from the umbilical cord is gathered and stored that process in known as cord-blood banking. Diseases that requires stem cell transplant like lymphoma, leukemia sickle cell diseases and a plastic anemia, can be treated with the stem cells found in the cord-blood. Cord blood is stored in two types of banks; public banks and private banks.

Public Bank

With public bank, after birth of the infant, cord blood is collected, no name is tagged along and later it’s taken to a public bank. With this system, no funds are required and the cord-blood collected can be used by research institution and any other person in need of the blood. However, if you chose this system, you won’t be eligible for donation in the future from banks in case your child or any family members falls ill and needs the stem cell transplant. Cord blood.

Private Bank

However, with private bank, cord blood is collected for family use. In comparison with public bank, anybody willing to use private bank is charged certain amount of fee. families with a background =d of stem cell diseases, mainly evaluate using this system. Although this system assists family members in cases of diseases crisis, private banks tends to be expensive. Also there are always low chances of of using the Cord-blood.

Change In Practices

In the early ages of 1970s, doctors use to throw away the placenta and umbilical cord after birth. This came to change as researches became knowledgeable of the stem cells available in the cord-blood. Since then they started gathering and storing the cord-blood.

The Importance Of Stem Cells

Blood-forming stem cells are infant cells that can develop to form the white blood cell, platelets and Red blood cell. Chemotherapy and radiation are used to treat certain diseases such as cancer and blood diseases. However, they are both dangerous in the perspective that they kill good cells in the process of killing bad ones. In case of such circumstances, stem cells are of significant importance as when they are induced in the patient bone marrow they develop other healthy cells and replace the lost cells.

Planning for Banking Cord Blood

For one to bank cord blood, one has to plan for it. During birth, after cutting of umbilical cord, blood is usually drown from the umbilical vein using a syringe. Before birth parents place a request for a special kit for storing the cord-blood. A technician, nurses or obstetrician is responsible for collecting the blood immediately after birth. Once blood is oozed out, it’s taken to the cord-blood bank and marked using an ID number. The stem cells are later segregated out of the blood and stored by putting them in nitrogen liquid. Theoretically, stem cells can’t die, however, researchers are still delving onto this matter to identify the maximum time for storing the cells.

Charges For Cord Blood Banking

While donating cord-blood, no charges are required. However, por private banks an annual maintenance fee of up to $100 is paid. Also, while collecting the blood a fee of $1000 up to $2000 is charged. One also may pay for the courier and kit with a fee of $700 or more. Most transplant are for kids, or youths. Older people require a lot of cord-blood for a successful transplant hence it’s hard for them to receive the blood.